The Dictionary is the first work of reference in any language to provide a comprehensive guide to the huge range of painters who worked in the Russian Empire and its successor, the Soviet Union, from 1900 until the last decade of the Soviet period. Approximately 13,000 entries supply concise biographical information drawn from a compendious variety of published and unpublished sources. Additional background material to individual careers may be found in the glossary which describes over 150 important arts organizations, exhibitions and artists' groups. Transliteration tables assist the user who may be puzzled by the rendering of Russian names in English. Over 350 plates - more than 300 of which are in color - illustrate the work of individual painters. The Dictionary's impressive sweep and thoroughness make it an indispensable guide to one of the most important areas of twentieth century art.