Throughout history, race and ethnicity have played critical roles in shaping politics, international policies, and the everyday experiences of a vast majority of individuals around the globe. Most nations around the world are now having to face up to culture clashes and the challenges that accompany globalization and the increased movement of people across national borders. Such conflicts include increased competition among racial and ethnic groups for jobs, housing, education, and other scarce resources. Other challenges include international migration and immigration that often change the complexions, racial and ethnic mixes, and cultural compositions of nations. Such transformations are not easy. They often lead to racial tensions, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and at times, even deadly confrontations and warfare. Societies in Europe, the United States, and other parts of the world are in rapid transition. This transition is characterized by changing demographic, economic, and political patterns which, in turn, raise critical issues with respect to governance, fair and just public policy, and the meaning of citizenship. Combating Racism and Xenophobia: Transatlantic and International Perspectives provides an analysis of racism, racial discrimination, and xenophobia in the U.S., Europe, and other parts of the world. This book provides a non-technical summary of some of the best thinking on racism and xenophobia from internationally known world leaders, diplomats, and scholars who focus on the international dimensions of intolerance and what can be done to eliminate such problems. Using Transatlantic institutions as examples, it also provides insights and tangible recommendations that, when implemented, go a long way toward resolving problems that stem from racism and xenophobia.